1950 and 1954, the year of his death, Matisse
created some highly innovative, brightly coloured
gouache paper cut-outs. Illness had confined
him to a wheelchair and severe arthritis made
it difficult for him to paint. Some of the
resulting colours were so strong that Matisse's
doctor advised him to wear dark glasses.
In 1953 it was decided to
reinterpret these works as lithographs.
Matisse personally directed and supervised
the first 'pulls' during 1954, in collaboration
with the renowned lithographers Mourlot
Frères of Paris. Founded in 1921,
Mourlot worked with many of the great artists
of the 20th century, including Picasso,
Miró, Vlaminck, Bonnard and Dufy.